Confidentiality refers to protecting information from unauthorized access. Maintaining confidentiality helps achieve multiple important goals, including ensuring privacy and avoiding ransomware attacks.

A familiar example of an institutional security strategy we use to protect confidentiality is logging into university systems using your WUSTLKey and WashU 2FA. This login and identity authentication process protects the confidentiality of information created, stored, and transferred on our systems by restricting access to authorized members of the WashU community.

Researchers can protect their work and data from unauthorized access by using university resources that are accessible only with a WUSTLKey, by protecting research files with encryption and passwords, and by restricting access to research data and resources to trained members of the research team.