Confidentiality, Integrity, and Availability: The CIA Triad

The CIA Triad—Confidentiality, Integrity, and Availability—is a guiding model in information security. A comprehensive information security strategy includes policies and security controls that minimize threats to these three crucial components.

The CIA triad guides the information security in a broad sense and is also useful for managing the products and data of research.

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Confidentiality refers to protecting information from unauthorized access.

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Integrity means data are trustworthy, complete, and have not been accidentally altered or modified by an unauthorized user.

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Availability means data are accessible when you need them.